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RFE/RL welcomes the reuse, republication, and redistribution of text content published on this website. We also welcome the reposting of RFE/RL content to websites, mailing lists, newsgroups, and databases on a regular basis.

When re-using RFE/RL content, we require that you credit RFE/RL by including:

* a permanent link to the article on rferl.org,

* the following information with each article:

Copyright (c) 2010. RFE/RL, Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave., N.W. Washington DC 20036.

If choosing excerpts from an article, we require that you note that the material is an excerpt and refrain from altering the meaning, name or integrity of the product. RFE/RL reserves the right to revoke permission for use of its content at any time.

Internet-based live and archived broadcasts of RFE/RL and its 18 broadcast services are intended solely for the personal use of our listening audience. No broadcast, rebroadcast or other use of these programs is permitted without the express, written authorization of RFE/RL, Inc.

To receive permission to re-use RFE/RL text and/or audio content, please send an email to: web@rferl.org.

Links to External Sites

RFE/RL occasionally provides on its websites links to sites maintained by persons or entities not affiliated with RFE/RL. In deciding whether or not to allow a link to an external site on its own websites, RFE/RL gives preference to non-profit, non-partisan entities devoted to public service. RFE/RL has no control over these external sites and does not endorse their content, operators, products or services. Furthermore, RFE/RL is not responsible or liable for the content, operators, availability, accuracy, quality, advertising, products, services or other materials on or available from such sites. RFE/RL shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such content, products or services available on or through such sites.

Citation Style

When using RFE/RL material for scholarly work, please be sure to include a citation. For citation guidelines, see these websites:

APA:

Electronic Reference Formats Recommended by the American Psychological Association

Chicago & Turabian:

A Brief Citation Guide for Internet Sources in History and the Humanities (by Melvin E. Page)

General Resource:

Karla's Guide To Citation Guidelines

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